If you find your cat winking or rubbing her eyes, don’t think it is normal thing. There is a possibility of eye infections in cats. It can be unilateral or bilateral infections. Unilateral means that only one eye which is affected by the infection, while bilateral means that the infections affect both eyes. Left untreated eye conditions will cause impaired sight or the worst is blindness. Knowing the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and how to prevent eye infections in cats will be useful for you who want to keep your cat healthy.
Causes of Eye Infections in Cats
There are some types of eye-related diseases which can attack your cat. They can be watery eyes, bulging eyes, retinal disease, keratitis, cataracts or others. Another disease can be caused by infection of virus or bacteria (infection agents). Since the disease is contagious, direct contact with others cat can be harmful for your cat to be infected. In crowded condition, infectious agent is difficult to control. The most commonly bacteria which cause eye infections are Mycoplasma and Chlamydia. Calicivirus and feline herpesvirus are examples of viruses which cause eye infections. Actually, eye infections in cats commonly happens when they are still young. It also attacks those who live in uncomfortable places or have
It also attacks those who live in uncomfortable places or have weaker immune system. However, if your cat is already in a stable, comfortable, environment but she still gets infection, the infection can be signs that your cat has another problem. The possible problems itself can be autoimmune disease or cancer infections.
Symptoms of Eye Infections in Cats
Normal cat eyes should be clear and no sign of swelling in the eye or surrounding it. their pupils are at the same size in normal condition. There is also no sign of swelling or cloudiness. Cats are active animal and amazingly, they are able to hide their discomfort. Thus, finding signs of eye infections in your cat is not as easy as it seems; it can be very tricky. If you find your cat blink her eyes slowly, it can be a sign of eye infections in cats. If she holds her eyes closed may be to make her corneas lubricated, and/or the white of her eyes turn red, they can also be the symptoms of eye infections. Excessive tearing, photosensitivity (avoiding bright light) crusting over eyelid, squinting, and cloudy eyes color are other possible symptoms of eye infections in cats.
Diagnosis of Eye Infections in Cats
To get a best diagnosis, visiting the veterinarian (vet) is suggested. They will examine your cat and make diagnosis of eye infections in cats. The diagnosis should be based on symptoms. So, it will be good if you record any symptoms which happened. The record can be very helpful for the veterinarian to conduct appropriate diagnostic test for your cat. The veterinarian will do some tests depending on the infection. The tests can be in form of culture which is done to determine organism in the eyes. It can be in form of placing fluorescein in the eyes in order to find any ulcers or foreign bodies. Routine blood work will be done if the veterinarian wants to examine any systemic disease.
Treating eye infections in cats is different with treating eye infection in human. So, do not try to use medication for human for your cat, including eye drops. If you spot any sign of eye infection in your cat, the best way is by visiting veterinarian. There will be some treatments which may done to heal the infections such as antibiotic drops or ointment and anti-fugal mediation. Antibiotic drops are given for bacterial eye infection, while antifugal mediation is for fugal infection. Sometimes, eye infections in cats caused by
Sometimes, eye infections in cats caused by virus is self-limiting and it will disappear after some time. But prescription may be needed. If you can do, use a slightly wet ball made of cotton wool to wipe away any substance. Help your cat relieving the discomfort by giving warm compress is a good idea. Keep the cleanliness of something which has direct contact to your cat suh as her food bowl or bed. You also need to wash your hand if you want to treat your cat. It is a good way to prevent any infection to spread both to your cat or you.
How to Prevent Eye Infections in Cats?
To prevent is better than to cure. Since treating eye infections in cats can be frustrating thing, to prevent the infection will be a good way. Examine your cat’s eyes to make sure that there is no eye infections in cats. If you spot abnormalities, don’t procrastinate to visit veterinarian. Make sure that your cat gets her vaccination. Don’t be late to treat your cat if there are any symptoms of eye infections in cats to avoid from impaired sight and blindness.
Cat’s eye disorder
Information about kinds of eye-related disorder which may put your cat in trouble might be very important to know so that you can do any prevention or early treatment if your cat get one of them. there are some kinds of disorder which may attack your cat such as conjunctivitis, third eyelid protrusion, cataracts, glaucoma, keratitis, bulging eye, watery eyes, or retinal disease. Conjunctivitis happens when both of your cat’s eyes (or only one) become(s) swollen and red and maybe there are discharge. Third eyelid protrusion happens when the third eyelid of the cats can be seen or it crosses the eye. If it happens, it can be a sign that your cat may suffer from virus, worms, or diarrhea or have wound.
Cataract means that the eyes’ become opaque and this disorder often occurs when a cat gets diabetes or older. Glaucoma occurs when the cat’s cornea turns to be cloudy and eyes enlarge because of eyeball increased pressure. If the eyes of your cat look watery and cloudy, it may be because of her corneas are inflamed. This situation is called keratitis. Bulging eye happens because trauma, eye tumor, or accident. Watery eyes happen because of tears overproductions or blocked tear duct. Retinal disease is loss of total or partial vision because of the degeneration of light-sensitive cells located at the back of eyes.